|Safety-Inspections, knowing what to look for|
|>>> Quickly spotting the electrical hazards within your property.|
|The All Seeing|
|Eye of The Expert|
|Licensed electrical contractor for 30 years. I can spot it quick!|
Apartments Complex - new tenant, common areas, parking areas, storage areas.
Swimming Pools - above ground pools, built-in swimming pools, hot tubs.
Electrical Equipment - fans, automatic garage door openers, electric fences, electric doors, electric windows, electric awnings, lights in trees, landscape, lighting. sump pump basement, electric heaters in concrete, back up power generators.
Code Know-How - where GFI's are needed, where arc fault is needed, electrical outlets for countertops, under cabinet lights, front lawn post lights
Electrical Safety Inspections checking your circuit breakers, grounding rods and cold water pipe grounding.
Electrical information, wiring diagrams, photos, sketches, electrical schematics, cut sheets and specs. Heating and air conditioning.
|The Electrical Hazards Check List for any Facility.|
Extension cords are not to be used as permanent wiring. Extension cords are meant to serve as a means of temporary power only, and are to be unplugged from wall outlet when not in use.
Extension cords are to be 3-wire type, in good condition with no splices or broken insulation.
Multi-outlet power strips are to be UL listed and have a mini circuit breaker built in to it.
Extension cords and power strips are to be plugged directly into a wall outlet, not into other extension cords or power strips.
Equipment power cords are to be in good condition with no splices or broken insulation.
Wires or extension cords are not to be placed under carpets or rugs, or through doorways, or other traffic areas.
Extension cords are not to be fastened, stapled or tied to any nearby objects.
Plugs (male end blades) are to be in good condition with no exposed wires. The ground is not removed from 3-prong plugs.
Wall outlet and junction box covers are to be in place. Missing cover plates from receptacles and switches pose a threat of electrocution.
The area in front of electric circuit panels must be clear (at least 36 inches of open area space).
Timers must have a cover over the "live terminal screws" inside.
Circuit breakers are not to be doubled up, rigged up or overloaded.
Space heaters are the most common cause of over-loaded circuits. Attention should be given to the factory instructional for safe usage.
Lighting fixtures in a suspended ceiling must have a secondary means of support.
||Ask the Experts about:|
wires under the carpet, exterior area flood lights, main lug panel, cadmium connectors, MC wire, SER cable, SEU cable, twist-lock receptacles, power poles and floor receptacles. Photo eye controls, relays, mechanically held contactors, bolt-on circuit breakers
480V. 277V. 120V. 208V. 250V. circuit breaker panels in the attic, facility maintenance, wattages at a glance, high bay lighting, recessed lighting fixtures, halogen light bulbs, HID lamps, fluorescent lamps, spike and surge suppressors, electric driveway heaters, ceiling fans, bathroom
and restroom ventilation fans, heat lamps, under floor heaters, etc. lighting switches, dimmers and receptacles. UPS system, high pressure sodium and medal halide.
|Final Inspections - when All work has been completed. |
All materials and equipment must be UL Listed.
All panels and meters meet minimum working clearances.
All over-current protection is install and properly labeled.
All Arc-fault Breakers installed on bedroom circuits for light fixtures and receptacles.
Supplemental grounding conductor must be properly installed and sized properly (minimum #4 Copper).
Ground rod - proper size and length.
Ground clamp proper size, type, and secure.
All equipment is properly installed and connected.
All fixtures are installed properly and grounded.
All devices and covers are completely installed.
All GFCI are working properly.
|Rough Wiring Inspections.|
Interior of the Building must be dry.
Service cable is proper length. Know the 6Ft rule.
Grounding electrode conductor is installed.
All outlet boxes are installed and properly spaced as per code.
All metal boxes properly grounded. All wire is pulled.
Required number and size circuits are installed (i.e.-general lighting, kitchen, bathroom, furnace, GFCI's, etc).
Required Arc-Fault circuits installed (all bedroom outlets, switches & receptacles).
Circuits evenly divided.
Smoke detector requirements are met.
All grounded conductors are made up properly.
All wire is protected (1-1/4" from face of stud).
Nail guards are installed (if needed).
Required clearances are maintained for lighting fixtures.
|Ask the Experts about:|
buss duct assembly and installations, buss, duct, distribution, industrial, aluminum and copper buss bars, circuit breaker, plug in, disconnect, bolt-on, electrical, three, pole, electrical service, interchangeable,
The National Electrical Code, bolt-on breakers, high voltage circuit breaker, GFI receptacles, grounding rods and cold water pipe grounding. Electrical safety inspections main lug panel, cadmium connectors, MC wire, SER cable, SEU cable, twist-lock, wiring diagrams, grounding rods,
Commercial, Industrial, grounding, We are installers. The National Electrical Manufacturers Association, NEMA, breakers, Delaware County, Philadelphia, PA.
|Kitchen Receptacles - Code Summary|
In the kitchen and eating areas every counter space wider than 12 inches must have a GFI protected plug, in general all kitchen counter top plugs should be GFI protected. Countertop receptacles shall be installed so that no point along the wall is more than 24" measured horizontally from a receptacle outlet in that space.
Peninsular bars and islands 12" or wider shall have at least one receptacle. The installation of receptacles for island counter spaces and peninsular counter spaces below the countertop shall be optional.
At least two 20-ampere branch circuits are required to feed receptacle outlets for small appliance loads, including refrigeration equipment in the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, and dining room. These circuits, whether two or more are used, shall NOT supply anything other than receptacles in these areas.
Lighting outlets and built-in appliances such as garbage disposals, hood fans, dishwashers, and trash compactors are NOT permitted on these circuits. Kitchen counter top receptacles must be supplied by at least two small appliance branch circuits.
Kitchen appliance and convenience receptacles must be on 20 amp breakers, and wired with 12 gauge wire.
Required Ground Fault Protection - A ground fault circuit interrupter must protect ALL receptacles listed below:
Bathroom receptacles, Outdoor receptacles, Garage receptacles.
Kitchen receptacles that serve counter top surfaces.
Counter top receptacles within 6 feet of a wet bar sink. All receptacles in an unfinished basement:
Sump pumps, Crawl spaces at or below grade. Spas, Hydro massage, Hot tubs and associated electrical components.
Pretty much any location where water and electricity might mix.
Required Arc Fault Circuit Interuptor protection - 208 NEC 210.12 (A)" An arc fault circuit interuper - AFCI is a device (usually if not always a breaker) designed to give protection from arc faults. An AFCI breaker will trip whenver an arc is detected. In all dwellings an arc fault circuit interrupter must protect
ALL 120 volt 15 and 20 amp single phase receptacles in family rooms, living rooms, parlors, recreation rooms, dining rooms, libraries, dens, sunrooms, recreation rooms, closets, hallway or similar rooms. In other words pretty much all receptacles inside of a dwelling except the bathrooms, kitchen, laundry and garage must be AFCI protected.
|An Electrical Problem Guide
by Anthony Tori Havertown, PA
This is a list of Power Problems that arise most often. Some of these problems you can solve yourself, or call us and we'll be happy to help you. Print this page out and post it on your electric service panel for future reference (it just might help you). THANK YOU.
OUTLET CIRCUIT OUTAGE (one outlet or a group of outlets). The first step is to check for a tripped circuit breaker. If no circuit breakers appear to be tripped, sometimes a breaker trips out internally while the breaker handle stays on. Check the panel schedule first, if that is no help,
run your finger down all the breakers with slight pressure (towards the off position). Sometimes the tripped breaker handle will flip to the off position, then try to reset. The permanent cure for the problem may be to eliminate an overloaded, shorted or broken circuit.
PARTIAL BUILDING OUTAGE (more than just in one outlet circuit). The first step is to check for a tripped main breaker or blown main fuse. This problem is usually a job for a service electrician. These problems arise due to a recent overload or a failure in the main electric service connections.
IF A HISSING SOUND IS HEARD SHUT POWER DOWN.
TOTAL POWER OUTAGE (no power at all). Call your utility company first. They will discover the problem for you. If the problem is your responsibility, Call Us, we'll have your power back on A.S.A.P.
LIGHTS DIM Lights are usually the first sign of a low voltage occurrence. The first step is to know if some or all of the lights dim at the same time. Low voltage occurrences can be due to one of many reasons, the most common are - kitchen appliances and or air conditioners on a lighting circuit
(new circuits are needed to solve this problem). A connection "going bad" in the main service equipment is something you should listen for,
HISSING SOUND - SHUT IT DOWN and call for service.
BURNING SMELLS Electrically related burning smells almost always smell like "burning rubber". This is because materials like plastic, rubber & tar are used in electrical equipment & lighting fixtures. The first step is to CHECK ALL PLUG-IN CORDS ! If you found your problem THE PLUG WILL BE HOT !
So remove it carefully. Fluorescent fixture ballasts are most often the problem, if not, shutting down your power should be the next step (especially if a hissing sound is heard).
ELECTRIC SHOCK OR TINGLE Electric shocks are very rare, but electrical tingles are not. An electric shock can only happen when your body is a better path to ground than anything else, (you also have to be touching a "live wire" or a live medal part of equipment at the same time).
Electrical tingles are problems that happen more often and can - come and go, get more or less severe, and be very unpredictable. An experienced electrician should be called for this type of problem.
HUMMING OR BUZZING FIXTURES Electrical fixtures that have these sounds are not dangerous but can be very annoying. Ceiling fans can also hum if operated by a speed control. In electrical terms we call this the "60 cycle hum" simply because electrical power changes direction every 60 seconds.
Transformers can not be silenced, also some fluorescent fixtures. Sometimes dimmer controls make the light bulbs hum, try changing the bulbs to a different type. Fluorescent fixture ballasts can be replaced for better results.
Clifton Heights 19018 PA, The Call for Action... @ Action Information.com by Contractors Solutions Inc.